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  • Author – Mary Shelly
  • Genre – Horror/Gothic/Romance
  • Date – 1818

Frankenstein, or the modern Prometheus, is a very famous novel written by British author Mary Shelley. It revolves around an eccentric scientist named with the Frankenstein, and his journey of creating a grotesque creature in a scientific experiment. Shelley started writing the story and she was 18 years old and all was published when she was 20 years old. The first edition was published anonymously in London in 1818, and Sherry’s name starts appearing from second edition onwards which is published in France in 1823.

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History

The author Mary Shelley had traveled to Europe, visiting Germany and Switzerland. And it is considered that the inspiration for the novel came from her visit when she took a journey on the river Rhine Germany, they should stop in Gernsheim, a place 10 miles away from Frankenstein Castle where it was rumored that two centuries before an alchemist was engaged in the yard experiments. Many of the ideas and themes of the novel come from her conversation among the companions during the journey around your particularly her conversations with her future husband Percy Shelley.

Overview of the Novel

The form in which Frankenstein’s written is called a frame story form and it starts with Capt. Robert Walton writing letters to his sister. The story basically documents the correspondence between Robert Walton and his sister Margaret Walton Saville. Veteran Walton is described as a failed writer who sets out to explore the North Pole to expire and his scientific knowledge by. That is where he meets a man named Victor Frankenstein who is being rescued by a rescue group. Frankenstein is supposedly in pursuit of the gigantic man observed by Walton crew. The story then goes to Victor Frankenstein telling Capt. Robert about his childhood and how as a young boy he was obsessed with studying outdated theories that focused on simulating natural wonders. He then tells him about how at University he excelled in chemistry and other sciences and started developing a secret technique to reanimate dead tissue, and how it eventually led to the creation of the monster. Then Victor describes about how his beautiful creation turned out to be hideous monster and how repulsed he was by his work and he fled, and seeing that his master’s rejected him the creature disappeared as well. After that how Victor then tried to find the monster would succeeded in killing his sister led him to the North Pole and a meeting with the monster. By the end of Victor’s story the monster has succeeded in killing most of Victor’s family by the end of Victor’s storytelling the monster has succeeded in killing most of Victor’s family including his wife, and has been the cause of Victor’s father’s death by heart attack. Which is why Victor is now at the North Pole, seeking revenge from the monster.

Critical Reception and Reviews

The book received mostly unfavorable critical reception and reviews like, when the quarterly review described it as “a tissue of horrible and disgusting absurdities”. Even with such reviews Frankenstein still achieved immediate popular success and became widely known especially because of the melodramatic theatrical adaptations of the book. The popularity in turn gave rise to numerous novels which were either retelling the same story or continuing the story arc of Frankenstein and his monster.

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